July 2, 2018 Updated: 8:57 PM New cannabis regulations for testing, labeling, and packaging Posted: July 2, 2018 00:00 00:00 spaceplay / pause qunload | stop ffullscreenshift + ←→slower / faster ↑↓volume mmute ←→seek . seek to previous 12… 6 seek to 10%, 20% … 60% XColor SettingsAaAaAaAaTextBackgroundOpacity SettingsTextOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundSemi-TransparentOpaqueTransparentFont SettingsSize||TypeSerif MonospaceSerifSans Serif MonospaceSans SerifCasualCursiveSmallCapsResetSave SettingsSAN DIEGO (KUSI) – While cannabis for adult recreational use has been legal since January 1, a new set of legal requirements could shake up the current supply of marijuana available for sale at dispensaries.The new regulations imposed by the State of California took effect on July 1, mandating certain standards for testing, labeling and child resistant packaging. At Outliers Collective, a dispensary near El Cajon, sales director Betsy Romero said her dispensary has been preparing for the new regulations, by making sure all products are in compliance with the law. Those that weren’t laboratory tested, properly labeled or child tamper-proof were removed from the shelves.The state Bureau of Cannabis Control requires dispensaries to sell only marijuana that has been tested for pesticides, contaminants, and microbial impurities. At PharmLabs, an accredited ISO/IEC cannabis testing lab in the Midway District, sample intake specialist Alicia Morf said after a sample is tested, a Certificate of Analysis is issued to allow that product to be sent to the retailer.The lab will also determine the plant’s potency, testing for levels of THC and CBD, so that the information can be included on the product label, as now required by law.The transition from a largely unregulated industry to one that has a host of new legal requirements has been a bumpy one. Cannabis business attorney Michael Cindrich said some of his clients had hoped the state would extend the deadline for complying with the new regulations. The State of California had given cannabis retailers a six month period from January to June 2018, to sell off their untested product and prepare for the new testing and packaging standards.RELATED STORY: New standards for cannabis go into effect this weekend in CaliforniaCindrich said one of the problems his business clients face is the lack of local regulations that allow businesses to cultivate, manufacture, and distribute cannabis. “Because there are so few local regulations, there aren’t enough businesses that are fully licensed that are up and running, that can provide these regulated products to the distributors and to the retail outlets,” Cindrich said.He also said there are not enough cannabis testing facilities in California. Cindrich and other advocates for the cannabis industry are predicting a temporary shortage of lab tested marijuana and cannabis products, until supplies can catch up.The new state regulations formally took effect July 1, 2018. The requirements are meant to protect the consumer, and to make sure that cannabis related products are safe for the consumer.KUSI’s Sasha Foo has the details. Sasha Foo, Sasha Foo Categories: California News, Local San Diego News Tags: Marijuana FacebookTwitter
Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Violent passions — jealous cleaner shrimp murder their rivals For years scientists have speculated that some ocean bacteria may glow to encourage others to eat them, but till now, no one had actually tested the theory. Zarubin and her colleagues thought it was time.As a means of proof, the team put a bag of water with normal Photobacterium leiognathi bacteria in it into a tank of water that held shrimp and other microbes. At the other end of the tank they put in another bag of the same kind of bacteria that had been genetically altered to prevent their being able to glow. The team found that the shrimp and other organisms gathered around the glowing bag, but not around the dark one.After that, they allowed a group of shrimp to swim around in water with the glowing bacteria in it, and found that after just a few hours, the shrimp’s bellies soon glowed with bacteria as well. Play Apogon annularis detects and efﬁciently consumes glowing Artemia in the dark. These Artemia became glowing by contacting and ingesting bioluminescent bacteria. Infrared light was used to illuminate the ﬂume for video recording. The lower part of the image (below the dark bar) shows the ﬂume’s working section as viewed from the side. The upper part shows the working section as viewed from above, through a 45° inclined mirror. Video: PNAS, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1116683109 Then, lastly, the shrimp that had glowing bellies were put into a flume alongside shrimp that had not eaten the glowing bacteria and all were sent past a quantity of shrimp eating fish. There it was observed that the fish ate only the shrimp that had glowing bellies. Afterwards, the team tested the feces from the fish and found that the glowing bacteria had come though the digestive process unscathed. And because fish, being fish tended to swim around, the bacteria had been transported to a new locale.From these simple experiments it appears clear that the bioluminescent abilities of the ocean bacteria tested help it to move more easily around in the ocean – using other organisms as a transport vehicle. In so doing the bacteria not only get a free ride, but get a meal along the way as they feast on other material inside the bellies of those that have eaten them. PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQuality0SpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreen Citation: Research shows ocean bacteria glow to attract those that would eat them (2011, December 28) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-12-ocean-bacteria.html More information: Bacterial bioluminescence as a lure for marine zooplankton and fish, PNAS, Published online before print December 27, 2011, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1116683109AbstractThe benefits of bioluminescence for nonsymbiotic marine bacteria have not been elucidated fully. One of the most commonly cited explanations, proposed more than 30 y ago, is that bioluminescence augments the propagation and dispersal of bacteria by attracting fish to consume the luminous material. This hypothesis, based mostly on the prevalence of luminous bacteria in fish guts, has not been tested experimentally. Here we show that zooplankton that contacts and feeds on the luminescent bacterium Photobacterium leiognathi starts to glow, and demonstrate by video recordings that glowing individuals are highly vulnerable to predation by nocturnal fish. Glowing bacteria thereby are transferred to the nutritious guts of fish and zooplankton, where they survive digestion and gain effective means for growth and dispersal. Using bioluminescence as bait appears to be highly beneficial for marine bacteria, especially in food-deprived environments of the deep sea. Explore further © 2011 PhysOrg.com This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. (PhysOrg.com) — In most situations in the wild, animals develop abilities to help them avoid being eaten. The chameleon, for example, can change its color to avoid being seen by predators. What’s less usual, are animals or organisms that develop abilities that do the opposite, i.e. develop traits that encourage predators to eat them. But that’s just what certain ocean bacteria appear to do. Margarita Zarubin, a marine science grad student in Israel, and her colleagues have shown, as they report in their paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, that a certain type of bioluminescent bacteria glow to attract the attention of other organisms, so as to be eaten; and they do so as a means of assisted dispersal.