It was a tough call Sunday with great games across the board, but ultimately it’s Argentina — the second-ranked team in our Soccer Power Index (SPI) — that we want to see play.IN BRIEFSee our World Cup interactive for the latest probabilities.IN DEPTHArgentina has one of the most storied World Cup histories, winning the championship in 1978 and 1986 (the latter after Diego Maradona’s infamous quarterfinals goal), but then failing to find that level of international success ever since.This year might be different. After the host and favorite Brazil, Argentina has the greatest chance of winning the tournament at 13 percent. Its opponent on Sunday, Bosnia-Herzegovina, has a less than 1 percent chance of being this year’s champion. Their matchup has the Argentines favored to win at 62 percent compared to the Bosnians’ 15 percent — much of which has to do with Argentina’s strong offense.The attacking trio of Lionel Messi, Gonzalo Higuain and Sergio Aguero is one of the strongest in the tournament, with an SPI offense score of 2.9 (that means we would expect Argentina to score 2.9 goals against an average team), behind only Brazil and Germany. Still, Bosnia’s offense is strong, too, with an SPI offense score of 2.3, so goals may abound in Sunday’s game.To see who’s more likely to find the back of the net, we looked at each team’s three leading scorers since 2011 and how they’ve been performing at their respective clubs in the run-up to the World Cup (some leagues keep spotty game data; we pulled data from a broad set of league games that had the most extensive statistics — the trends are clear).The projected average goals for each team in Sunday’s matchup are 2.0 for Argentina and 0.9 for Bosnia. And it’s pretty clear how much more dominant Argentina’s three best forwards are compared to Bosnia’s best three: Together, Messi, Aguero and Higuain are better at passing, shots on target, “take ons” (as opposed to passing in a one-on-one situation) and goals per game. Even though Bosnia’s Edin Dzeko scores a fair bit for his club team, Manchester City, his broken-down stats don’t seem very impressive.Messi, on the other hand, sweeps the table in almost every category (except goals per shot). And that’s a big reason why Argentina versus Bosnia is our game to watch — because when we say we want to watch Argentina play, what we really mean is that we want to watch Messi play.YesterdayLed by Andrea Pirlo, Italy’s 35-year old midfield Methuselah, the Azzurri completed an astonishing 92.2 percent of their passes in Saturday’s 2-1 win against England, the highest by any team in a World Cup match since 1966 (the start of Stats & Info’s data set). Italy’s experience and efficiency stood in stark contrast to an England side that was wasteful in attack.The final third actually belonged to the English — at least in volume — especially after Mario Balotelli gave Italy the lead in the 50th minute. England had a 192-117 advantage on touches in the attacking third, but struggled to create chances by passing into the penalty area (two chances created off 8-of-37 passing). One goal on 18 total shots wasn’t enough for England, with Wayne Rooney’s 0-for-3 shooting performance bringing his career drought to 25 World Cup shots without a goal.The most glaring English inefficiency was their reliance on the wings to generate offense while failing to deliver quality crosses. England connected on one of 25 crosses (4 percent) in the match, its lowest cross completion percentage in a World Cup match in 44 years.The Italians opted for quality in their attacking-third approach, especially in the match’s final 60 minutes. Over the last two-thirds of the match, the veteran Italian midfield picked apart the English back line. Italy completed eight of 14 passes into the box, creating five chances and a game-winning assist on Balotelli’s 50th-minute header. Pirlo, Claudio Marchisio and Daniele de Rossi (16 combined World Cup games entering Saturday) were a combined 5-for-6 in that span. — John Parolin, senior stats analyst, ESPNOFF THE PITCHNo matter how small the probability, there’s a chance that Argentinian players could have Bosnian souls soles. Tanned horse and cow hides are the biggest single import from Bosnia-Herzegovina to Argentina. Although, they’re only worth $6 million dollars per year.The data, taken from the BACI International Database of trade, shows another surprising reliance between two countries in another of Sunday’s matchups: 28 percent of all French imports to Honduras is packaged medicine (another 4 percent is perfumes, and 3 percent is beauty products).Does Switzerland live up to the assumption that it’s all about the chocolate? Kind of: 22 percent of all exports from Ecuador to Switzerland is cocoa beans, worth a total $34 million. Swiss footballers’ WAGs may also be offered jewelry made of Ecuadorian gold (which makes up 41 percent of all Swiss imports from the South American country and is worth $64 million annually) or one of the thousands of bunches of Ecuadorian cut flowers imported each year (worth $17 million).What about Swiss exports to Ecuador? After chemical products and machinery are Swiss watches, of course, worth $5 million in 2011 alone. — Mona ChalabiFURTHER READINGSpain Is Now an Underdog to Make the Knockout Stage
Manchester United are set to utilize the one-year clause on Anthony Martial’s contract after failing to agree terms for a new long-term deal.The Frenchman is signed to United until 2020 but negotiations are ongoing over a possible five-year extension with the side.The France international has scored eight goals in all competitions this season, leading Mourinho to praise him for resurrecting his United career.“One thing is that he’s a talented player that everybody knows he is – since he was in Monaco, everybody knows he was a talented player,” said the United manager last month as published by Evening Standard.Maguire says United need to build on today’s win George Patchias – September 14, 2019 Harry Maguire wants his United teammates to build on the victory over Leicester City.During the summer, Harry Maguire was referred to as the ultimate…“Another thing is, a talented player with consistency and understanding of what a football match is in the globality.“So, when you reach that level or when you are almost reaching that level, it’s when you become a player – what I say, a top player.“Because one thing is top talent, another is a top player.“So, when he is now much closer to being a top player, obviously I would like him to stay.”
Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Violent passions — jealous cleaner shrimp murder their rivals For years scientists have speculated that some ocean bacteria may glow to encourage others to eat them, but till now, no one had actually tested the theory. Zarubin and her colleagues thought it was time.As a means of proof, the team put a bag of water with normal Photobacterium leiognathi bacteria in it into a tank of water that held shrimp and other microbes. At the other end of the tank they put in another bag of the same kind of bacteria that had been genetically altered to prevent their being able to glow. The team found that the shrimp and other organisms gathered around the glowing bag, but not around the dark one.After that, they allowed a group of shrimp to swim around in water with the glowing bacteria in it, and found that after just a few hours, the shrimp’s bellies soon glowed with bacteria as well. Play Apogon annularis detects and efﬁciently consumes glowing Artemia in the dark. These Artemia became glowing by contacting and ingesting bioluminescent bacteria. Infrared light was used to illuminate the ﬂume for video recording. The lower part of the image (below the dark bar) shows the ﬂume’s working section as viewed from the side. The upper part shows the working section as viewed from above, through a 45° inclined mirror. Video: PNAS, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1116683109 Then, lastly, the shrimp that had glowing bellies were put into a flume alongside shrimp that had not eaten the glowing bacteria and all were sent past a quantity of shrimp eating fish. There it was observed that the fish ate only the shrimp that had glowing bellies. Afterwards, the team tested the feces from the fish and found that the glowing bacteria had come though the digestive process unscathed. And because fish, being fish tended to swim around, the bacteria had been transported to a new locale.From these simple experiments it appears clear that the bioluminescent abilities of the ocean bacteria tested help it to move more easily around in the ocean – using other organisms as a transport vehicle. In so doing the bacteria not only get a free ride, but get a meal along the way as they feast on other material inside the bellies of those that have eaten them. PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQuality0SpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreen Citation: Research shows ocean bacteria glow to attract those that would eat them (2011, December 28) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-12-ocean-bacteria.html More information: Bacterial bioluminescence as a lure for marine zooplankton and fish, PNAS, Published online before print December 27, 2011, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1116683109AbstractThe benefits of bioluminescence for nonsymbiotic marine bacteria have not been elucidated fully. One of the most commonly cited explanations, proposed more than 30 y ago, is that bioluminescence augments the propagation and dispersal of bacteria by attracting fish to consume the luminous material. This hypothesis, based mostly on the prevalence of luminous bacteria in fish guts, has not been tested experimentally. Here we show that zooplankton that contacts and feeds on the luminescent bacterium Photobacterium leiognathi starts to glow, and demonstrate by video recordings that glowing individuals are highly vulnerable to predation by nocturnal fish. Glowing bacteria thereby are transferred to the nutritious guts of fish and zooplankton, where they survive digestion and gain effective means for growth and dispersal. Using bioluminescence as bait appears to be highly beneficial for marine bacteria, especially in food-deprived environments of the deep sea. Explore further © 2011 PhysOrg.com This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. (PhysOrg.com) — In most situations in the wild, animals develop abilities to help them avoid being eaten. The chameleon, for example, can change its color to avoid being seen by predators. What’s less usual, are animals or organisms that develop abilities that do the opposite, i.e. develop traits that encourage predators to eat them. But that’s just what certain ocean bacteria appear to do. Margarita Zarubin, a marine science grad student in Israel, and her colleagues have shown, as they report in their paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, that a certain type of bioluminescent bacteria glow to attract the attention of other organisms, so as to be eaten; and they do so as a means of assisted dispersal.
After the White House and Pentagon and mushrooming of several studios across the nation, Yoga has conquered the last bastion in the US – the Congress.Ahead of the first International Yoga Day on June 21 – a move initiated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and endorsed by the United Nations General Assembly -?a group of US lawmakers and hill staff have come together to form the first ever and one-of-its kind “Congressional Yogi Association”. The inaugural event at the historic Cannon House Office Building of the US Congress was attended by a number of top American lawmakers. Prominent among them were Tim Ryan, Charles Rangel and Barbara Lee. Also Read – Pro-Govt supporters rally as Hong Kong’s divisions deepenOrganised by the Congressional Yogi Association with support of the Indian Embassy here, the first-ever “Yoga on the Hill” on May 1 was attended by Brennan Mullaney (Team RWB- veterans’ welfare organisation) and Tom Voss (Iraq War veteran). Around 60 Congressional officials participated in the yoga and meditation session.Congressman Tim Ryan from Ohio, who performed yoga and meditation along with others, said an important issue faced by Americans is extremely high levels of stress. Also Read – Pak Army ‘fully prepared’ to face any challenge: Army spokesman“I have found that mindfulness and the practice of yoga help to reduce stress, improve concentration, and increase feelings of well-being,” he said.“I am happy to support the first annual Yoga on the Hill event and the Congressional Yogi Association in raising awareness for the many benefits a yoga practice can bring to individuals across the country,” Ryan said. “As a Korean War Veteran, Yoga on the Hill’s mission to promote wellness among the veteran community is close to my heart,” said Congressman Charles B Rangel.
Teen India Earth 2018 Bhavna Jain once again made the country proud by winning ‘Miss Teen Earth Fire 2018’ – an international beauty contest which was held in Ecuador, South America.The four-day contest took the participants through activities like beach cleaning, cancer welfare charities, photo shoots and tourism promotion.The event concluded with Aruba taking home the ‘Miss Teen Earth’ title, while India, Brazil and Puerto Rico settled with the titles Miss Teen Earth – Fire, Air and Water, respectively. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfIndia also brought home the award for Miss Teen Earth Charity, for showing care and concern towards the staff of the cancer care and welfare community.Beside this, she also bagged the 1st runner-up title for best national costume and most photogenic face. She was crowned by ‘Teen India Productions’ under the National directorship of Jasmeet Kaur at the ‘Cotton is Cool’ event by Ratan Kaul in India.Bhavna will now serve as the ‘Teenage Ambassador’ to spread awareness on global warming, solar energy, effective use of electric resources and effects of heat radiating gadgets.Daughter of Manoj Jain and Manisha Nahar Jain, who resides in Yamuna Nagar, Bhavna began her journey in beauty contests by winning ‘Miss Bihar’, earlier this year.Her international mentor for the contest was Melvyn Noronha.